Chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) is a native oak which is often not recognized as an oak when first encountered. The chinkapin oak is also commonly referred to as a yellow chestnut oak, rock oak or yellow oak. It is rarely a predominant tree, but it grows in association with many other species. It is commonly found on dry bluffs, ridge tops, and rocky, south facing slopes. American beech (Fagus grandifolia), shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata), pitch pine (P. rigida), Virginia pine (P. virginiana), Ozark chinkapin (Castanea ozarkensis), eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana), bluejack oak (Quercus incana), southern red oak (Q. falcata), blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica), and winged elm (Ulmus alata) also grow in association with chinkapin oak. Sawtooth oak acorns have large, shaggy caps unlike those of chinkapin oak. … The range extends from Maine to Nebraska and south to North Carolina and Texas. It is absent or rare at high elevations in the Appalachians. The acorns of chinquapin oak are a high quality, dependable food source [30,52]. The leaves emerge a pink-red in spring, turning a dark green above and paler beneath in summer. Mature trees of Rock Chestnut Oak have deeply furrowed bark, which is very unlike the thin flaky bark of Chinkapin Oak. Height: 40-50′ Spread: 40-50′ Habit/Form: Rounded Growth Rate: Slow Zone: 5-7 Custom Search Chinquapin Oak – Quercus muhlenbergii Chinquapin oak is easily grown in rich, loamy, well-drained soils in full sun. Chinkapin oak is native to the Midwest, where it is often found as a specimen planting or as a grouping of tree for parks and large areas. Faunal Associations: The Obscure Scale (Melanaspis obscura) has been found on the bark of Dwarf Chinkapin Oak (Quercus prinoides), while larvae of the Round Bullet Gall Wasp (Disholcaspis quercusglobulus) form galls on the branches of this oak and larvae of other gall wasps (Cynipidae) form galls on its buds (ScaleNet, 2014; Bassett, 1881).). Chinkapin oak is native to the Midwest, where it is often found as a specimen planting or as a grouping of tree for parks and large areas. They are somewhat drought tolerant once established. Mice, squirrels, voles, other small mammals, and white-tailed deer consume the acorns of chinquapin oak [ 13, 52, 65 ]. Introduction: Chinkapin oak is a member of the white oak group with chestnut-type leaves. ), and sumacs (Rhus spp.). It is often found as a component of the climax vegetation in stands on mesic sites with limestone soils. Often maturing between 50 to 75 feet tall. It is a deciduous tree reaching 30 m tall exceptionally up to 50 m, with a rounded crown and thin, scaly or flaky bark on the trunk. The Chinquapin Oak Tree is a medium sized tree in the white oak group, and the bark is gray-brown and scaly and quite distinct in the landscape. The bark is thin, light brown, and scaly. [5] In Canada it is only found in southern Ontario, and in Mexico it ranges from Coahuila south to Hidalgo. Blooming occurs May; fruiting occurs late May through September. Distinguishing characteristics: Distinguished from other oaks by leaves with sharp teeth but lacking sinuses. It does not have lobed leaves like most other oaks; its leaves are toothed like a chestnut. Copyright © 2020 Iowa State University of Science and Technology. Seed Stratification: No stratification period is needed. The staminate flowers are borne in catkins that develop from the leaf axils of the previous year, and the pistillate flowers develop from the axils of the current year's leaves. The acorns of chinquapin oak are a high quality, dependable food source [ 30, 52 ]. Although native, chinkapin oak is sporadic within its range and seldom is a dominant species in a woodland. The acorns are eaten by squirrels, mice, voles, chipmunks, deer, turkey, and other birds. However, many oak-hickory stands on moist sites that contain chinkapin oak are succeeded by a climax forest including beech, maple, and ash. The bark of the Chinquapin oaks may exfoliate. Chinkapin Oak Tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Hardiness: Varies with the species of oak tree ranging from zone 3 to zone 9. The acorns are 1/2 to 3/4 inch long, without a stalk; the caps are bowl shaped covering 1/3 to 1/2 of the acorn. Chinkapin oak is notable for its shaggy bark, and its shiny, green leaves with shallow teeth that turn upwards at the tip and have a tiny projection (papilla) at each tip. Even deer adore the sweet acorns of the Chinkapin. Chinkapin Oak. Q. prinoides was named and described by the German botanist Karl (Carl) Ludwig Willdenow in 1801, in a German journal article by Muhlenberg. Chinquapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found in oak savannas, edges of woods, and banks along water. The issue is even more confusing where the two species are growing together because they hybridize easily, resulting is stands of shrubby oaks with some of the characteristics of both species. Growth Rate: slow ... Bark is thin like the white oak. It is regarded as a climax species on dry, drought prone soils, especially those of limestone origin. Early pioneers used its straight wood to make thousands of miles of fences in the states of Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. Beaver feed on the bark and twigs [ 23 ], and porcupines consume the bark [ 71 ]. It is native to central and eastern North America where it is typically found on dry upland sites often in rocky, alkaline soils. Quercus). In lack of evidence that Engelmann's use of the umlaut was an unintended error, and hence correctable, the muehlenbergii spelling is considered correct, although the more appropriate orthographic variant Quercus muhlenbergii is often seen. prinoides. The two species generally occur in different habitats: chinquapin oak is typically found on calcareous soils and rocky slopes, while dwarf chinkapin oak is usually found on acidic substrates, primarily sand or sandy soils, and also dry shales. March 11, 2016 Quercus muehlenbergii . [2][6], Chinkapin oak is also sometimes confused with the related chestnut oak (Quercus montana), which it closely resembles. Commonly fount in the east and southwest Iowa. Although leaves of American beech (Fagus grandifolia are similar to Chinquapin oak, the former has smooth bark while the latter has shallowly fissured and flaky bark. The branches and chestnut-like leaves form a round crown for the perfect shade tree. This oak tree has branches that emerge from the trunk reasonably close to the ground. This oak tree has branches that emerge from the trunk reasonably close to the ground. In summer, excellent foliage is appreciated for its shade. Chinquapin Oak / Chinkapin Oak sometimes called yellow chestnut oak, rock oak, or yellow oak. It withstands moderate shading when young but becomes more intolerant of shade with age. The chinkapin oak is a large white oak tree that grows to between 45 and 110 ft. (20 – 33 m). Because the tree is relatively rare, its wood is normally sold as white oak. Width: 40 to 70 feet. About half of the acorn is enclosed in a thin cup and is chestnut brown to nearly black. The chinkapin oak is a large white oak tree that grows to between 45 and 110 ft. (20 – 33 m). Most oaks were used medicinally by Native Americans because of the astringent properties of the bark. Chinkapin Oak is … It develops as a tree with an open, rounded crown, attaining heights of 40 to 50 feet. Oak, Dwarf chinkapin (Quercus prinoides) Oak, red (Quercus rubra) This large oak grows in moist, well-drained, forested sites. The roots of some seedlings may be trimmed for ease of planting and packaging purposes. The bark of mature trees is thin, shaggy or flakey and brown to grayish in color and resembles that of white oak (Quercus alba). Bark: Light gray, breaking into short, narrow flakes on the main trunk and limbs, deeply furrowed on older trunks. Chinkapin is not used extensively as an ornamental tree, although it is quite tolerant tougher sites. Strong tree, good for wildlife food and windbreaks. Like all oaks, it does have a cluster of buds at the end of branches. The most common woody vines are wild grape (Vitis spp.) Its leaves are simple, alternate, 3 to 6 inches in length and 11/2 to 3 inches wide, with 8 to 13 pairs of veins and an equal number of large, sharply pointed teeth. Chinkapin Oak loves alkaline soil! Unlike most white oaks, it is tolerant of alkaline soil and needs a pH >7. The wood is heavy and is reported to be good firewood. Chinkapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) Zones 3-9. Chinquapin Oak bark is tan to grey and offers an interesting texture in a landscape. As part of the group of white oaks, they bear very pale, white bark. Under the modern rules of botanical nomenclature, umlauts are transliterated, with ü becoming ue, hence Engelmann's Quercus mühlenbergii is now presented as Quercus muehlenbergii. Bark and acorns are entirely different, with sawtooth oak bark being dark brown and furrowed, while chinkapin oak bark is almost white and flaky. Keep your eyes peeled for grouse, turkey, quail and small creatures like chipmunks and squirrels. Swamp Chestnut Oak Other diseases that attack chinkapin oak include the cankers Strumella coryneoidea and Nectria galligena, shoestring root rot (Armillarea mellea), anthracnose (Gnomonia veneta), and leaf blister (Taphrina spp.). Chinkapin oaks are found on dry, limestone outcrops in the wild and perform well in alkaline soils. Noteworthy Characteristics. Faunal Associations: The Obscure Scale (Melanaspis obscura) has been found on the bark of Dwarf Chinkapin Oak (Quercus prinoides), while larvae of the Round Bullet Gall Wasp (Disholcaspis quercusglobulus) form galls on the branches of this oak and larvae of other gall wasps (Cynipidae) form galls on its buds (ScaleNet, 2014; Bassett, 1881).). However, some overlap in leaf characteristics can occur among these species, and they may hybridize in areas where their ranges overlap. The tree's scientific name honors Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg (1753–1815), a Lutheran pastor and amateur botanist in Pennsylvania. Habitat: Grows on rocky slopes and exposed bluffs. 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