On the steeply-graded ghat sections all wagons will be braked. In 1942, the country had 3,313 km (2,059 mi) (route-km) of metre gauge track, but the Japanese removed about 480 km (298 mi) and, by the end of the war, only 1,085 km (674 mi) (route-km) was operational in four isolated sections. In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittaung River from Yangon to the town of Taungoo via Bago. 1 platform is used by main line trains only, and the other platforms are long enough to accommodate two local trains at a time. The section operated by it includes lengths of continuous reverse curves of 330 ft radius, and eleven miles of 1 in 25 gradient. By 2018 Myanmar had already over 50 of these Dalian's Chinese machines. As well as the main or central station, Phayre Street, there are over twenty stations in the suburban area, and at Phayre Street over 150 trains, arriving or departing, are dealt with daily. So far, the opened section is 61.09 miles (98.31 km) while the other 35.42 miles (57.00 km) is still under construction. Myanmar has received six out of 24 Japan-made trains, which will be deployed on the Yangon-Taungoo route on the... see more. The opened sections are: Pathein(Begayet)-Einme (20.75 miles (33.39 km)): construction started 1 December 2009 and opened 20 March 2011. [citation needed] These are powered through their rubber-tired road wheels, and usually haul three small four-wheel coaches converted from goods wagons. Since then I’ve tried to reactivate two steam locos for charter trains, but the prospects back in 2008 didn’t look good. Myanmar Railways is a national corporation under control of Ministry of Transportation that has exclusive right to operate railways in Myanmar. The railway track gauge is 1 metre, which is standard countrywide in Myanmar. [20], In 1999 Myanma Railways had 868 coaches, with a further 463 on order. Since coming to power in 1988, the military government embarked on a railway construction program and, by 2000 the network had grown to 5,068 km (3,149 mi) (track-km) divided into 11 operating divisions. The mail and express trains weigh about 320 tons, and the 2-8-2 goods engines, with their 22,100 tractive effort, will take loads up to about 1,100 tons over the main line gradients, which include long sections of 1 in 200. Jica has signed a Yen 40.604bn ($US 374.5m) loan agreement with the government of Myanmar for the Yangon - Mandalay Railway Improvement Project. The current port at Mawlamyine is not suitable for large container ships… The standard interlocking used for all single-line crossing stations on important lines is known as the Simplex system, while there are also a few controlled by List and Morse interlocking. ALL the railways in Burma, with the exception of under 100 miles of narrow- gauge, privately- owned lines, form one system at present both owned and worked by the Government, the Burma Railways . Myanmar Railways, also spelled Myanma Railways; (formerly Burma Railways) is the state-owned agency that operates the railway network in Myanmar. The Yangon Urban Mass Rapid Transit is due to begin construction of the east–west line from Hlaing Thayar in the west to Parami in the east in 2022, to be complete by 2027. In 1988, there were 487 operational railway stations over a 3,162 km (1,965 mi) long network. For decades, this is what it has been like to travel by train in much of Southeast Asia, where narrow 1,000 mm gauge (meter gauge) track is the norm -- much of it poorly equipped and badly maintained. The vast structure which replaced the wagon ferry across the Irrawaddy at Sagaing near Mandalay is called the Ava Bridge, taking its name from an ancient and now deserted capital of Burma near at hand. The tracks are in poor condition, and are not passable during the monsoon season. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Prome line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway when Lower Burma was a British colony. [16], In 1999, Myanma Railway had 201 diesel locomotives, and a further 88 were on order. After the First World War, a line was built between Moulmein and Ye at the northern end of the Mergui Archipelago. Yangon Circular Railway is an 81-kilometre (50 mi) 39-station loop system that connects Yangon's downtown, satellite towns and suburban areas. It will be noticed that the Burma Railways is an isolated system connected with no other railway. [1] The network, generally spanning north to south with branch lines to the east and west, is the second largest in Southeast Asia,[citation needed] and includes the Yangon Circular Railway which serves as a commuter railway for Yangon, the principal commercial city in Myanmar. Over 150 trains, arriving or departing, are dealt with daily. [1], The network has steadily increased in size over the last two decades, from nearly 5,500 kilometres (3,400 mi) in 1988 to 10,296.01 kilometres (6,397.64 mi) in 2010. In the Rangoon area the lock and block system is installed on the double line, and about forty double-line stations are interlocked on the key and tappet system. The railway lines generally run north to south with branches to the east and the west. With Vietnamese independence after the war, the railroad underwent periods of closure, and in 2005 a large part of its rolling stock was donated to the Myanmar Railways which still uses the same unusual one metre gauge. On most branch lines the stations are not interlocked, facing points being secured by cotters and padlocks, the keys of which are kept in the custody of the station-master on duty. Myanmar's railway network is divided into three broad groups of lines, the lines in Upper Myanmar, those in Lower Myanmar, and the Yangon Circular Railway that serves as Yangon's commuter rail. 1.5 Outline of Loan Agreement 1.5.1 Myanmar Railways Modernization Project (I) Loan Amount Loan Disbursed Amount 8,454 million yen Also in 2008/9, the Ayeyawady Valley route was extended north along the west bank of the river towards Pakokku in the far north of the country. Passengers had to take a ferry over the Thanlwin River (Salween River) to Mawlamyaing. Its facade, overlooking wide approach roads bordered by well-kept lawns, is 738 ft in length, and is remark ably attractive from the architectural point of view. There are 960 active railway stations in Myanmar with Yangon Central and Mandalay Central as the twin anchors of the network. 1.2017 The Golden Land: 15. [citation needed]. These are anchored in rock at varying depths down to 104 ft below bed level. Its rolling stock consisted of 384 locomotives, 1,600 passenger railcars, and 3,600 freight wagons. The opened sections are: Magwe-Kanbya (7.68 miles (12.36 km)): construction started 10 November 2008, opened 19 December 2009, Pyawbwe(Yan Aung) - Ywadaw (22.12 miles (35.60 km)): construction started 10 November 2008, opened 16 January 2010, Ywadaw-Natmauk (35.42 miles (57.00 km)): construction started 10 November 2008, opened 16 March 2013, Sittwe-Yechanbyin (11.46 miles (18.44 km)): construction started 15 February 2009, opened 19 May 2009, Kwan Taung- Ponnagyun-Yotayouk (22.72 miles (36.56 km)): construction started 15 February 2009 and opened 15 May 2010, Yotayouk-Kyaukhtu (19.28 miles (31.03 km)): construction started 16 May 2010, opened 11 April 2011. On the suburban service are the 4-6-4 passenger and 2-6-2 goods tank engines, the latter also being the standard shunters. The section under construction is Einme-Nyaungdong-Hlaingthayar (75.76 miles (121.92 km)). Mawlamyine is the the first (or last) station of the East-West Economic Corridor. behind the schedule. Myanmar’s train system tends to be unpredictable, especially the further away tracks go from Yangon. Most of the routes are single track although large parts of Yangon-Pyay and Yangon-Mandalay routes are double track.[9]. All Aboard the Trains of Myanmar. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 ⁄8 in) metre gauge. There were 5187 freight wagons in 1999, with 1188 due to be delivered. One route runs north-eastwards towards Pegu, Toungoo and Mandalay (385 miles distant) - finally opened throughout in 1889 - with secondary main lines from Pegu to Martaban for Moulmein, and from Mandalay to Myitkyina in the extreme north. Construction started 1 December 2009 with a hope to be done in 2017 - 2018. The 1 350 hp diesel-electrics for use on passenger and freight services are to be manufactured by the Diesel Locomotive Works at Varanasi, and will have microprocessor controls, fuel-efficient engines and an ergonomic cab design. [8] In 1928, the railway was renamed Burma Railways and, in 1989, with the renaming of the country, it became Myanma Railways. Trains which were out on the line were stopped in the next station and the steam loco had to leave its train, steaming back to its depot. Burma Railway, also called Burma-Siam Railway, railway built during World War II connecting Bangkok and Moulmein (now Mawlamyine), Burma ().The rail line was built along the Khwae Noi (Kwai) River valley to support the Japanese armed forces during the Burma Campaign. The locomotive workshops are situated at Insein near Rangoon, and there are twenty-three running sheds on the system. India-Sittwe Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project: This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 00:40. In 1896, before the completion of the line to Myitkyina, the three companies were combined into the Burma Railway Company as a state owned public undertaking. Expected arrival and departure times almost always vary, often by hours, so be flexible to get the most enjoyment out of train travel in Myanmar.. Standards for train cleanliness and comfort are relatively low as most trains in Myanmar are very outdated. The section under construction is the Kyaukkyi Bridge across Ayarwaddy Bridge at Sinkhan–Bamaw (57.81 miles (93.04 km)). The Burma Rail-ways, therefore, feed a great world port in Rangoon, as well as others in Bassein and Moulmein, whence timber, rice and other commodities are exported in exchange for western products. All trains can travel to Mawlamyine and Ye, but freight trains can’t reach Dawei due to steep inclines of the railway. The Japanese invasion during the Second World War caused considerable damage to the rail network. ASCENDING A GRADIENT OF 1 IN 25. All signal lamps are electrically lit. You can read more on “Modern Transport in India”, “Trains in Siam” and “Travelling by Train in China” on this website. A stink over cleanliness of train stations in Yangon. The main station buildings are parallel to the platforms, for this is a “through” and not a terminal station. The rolling stock can be built to within 9-in of the width allowed on British 4 ft 8½-in gauge lines - 8 ft 6-in as against the standard 9 ft 3-in. Goods trains up to 600 tonnes are braked by the locomotive only, and operate at a maximum speed of 32 km/h (19.9 mph). 1 platform is used by main line trains only, there are, in effect, twelve platforms available for local trains, which form the great bulk of the traffic. Main article: Rail transport in Myanmar As of February 2008 [update] , Myanmar had 5,099 km (3,168 mi) of railways, all 1,000 mm ( 3 ft 3 3 ⁄ 8 in ) gauge. Myanmar Railways is currently undertaking an ambitious expansion program that will add another 3,645 km (2,265 mi) to its network, making it spread in to 13,941 km (8,663 mi) including extensions to Myeik in the south, Kyaingtong in the east, Sittwe in the west. The 5,403-kilometre (3,357 mi) metre gauge rail network consists of 858 stations, and generally spans north to south with branch lines to east and west. Moulmein (as Mawlamyine was then known) was the first capital of British Burma between 1826 and 1852. Attempts at rebuilding the network began in the 1950s following Burmese independence. sharp, and arrived in Bagan only 15-20 mins. Each train route also has a designated two- or three-digit number. Rail transport in Myanmar consists of a 10,296.01 km (6,398 mi) railway network with 1225 stations. The speed of freight trains is heavily restricted on all existing links as a consequence of poor track and bridge conditions. [15] In early As of 2011, Myanma Railways operated 389 locomotives and 4673 railway coaches. Up to three heavy repairs are performed per year using locally manufactured parts. Myanmar Railway’s meter gauge communication system will have to be gradually upgraded to ASEAN standards and its tracks widened, U Htaung Shan Khan said. Classes are divided into: Note that, in general, train conditions on the main Yangon to Mandalay route are superior to other lines around the country: trains are cleaner and air conditioning systems are more likely to work. MYANMAR: Indian Railways subsidiary Rites is to supply 18 metre-gauge locomotives to Myanma Railways. The Mandalay main line also has numerous important branches, some of them over 100 miles in length. The type was, at the time, the most powerful in the world working on the metre gauge. The "Death Railway" link with Thailand fell into disuse after the war and the section of this line in Burma was permanently closed. And, indeed, the general standard of the lines in Burma is comparable with that of many systems of wider gauge. Each of the 350 ft spans weighs 1,020 tons. The 60 km (37 mi) Kyangin-Okshippin (Padang) section of Kyangin-Thayet railway was opened in March 2008 and the 56 km (35 mi) Okshippin-Kamma railway section was opened in March 2009. Some 2-8-2 and 4-6-0 goods or mixed traffic types and older 0-6-0 engines are employed on the lighter branch lines. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay is the second longest railroad section after Yangon-Mandalay in Myanmar. Construction is expected to be complete by 2021. © Railway Wonders of the World 2012-20  |  Contents  |  Site Map  |  Contact Us at info@railwaywondersoftheworld.com, Developing the Resources of a Rich Territory. 1062 2-8-2 : Pyuntaza-Madauk, Myanmar: Location: Myanma Railways: Status: Operational: Album: Video: Notes: Links: Construction started 10 November 2008, expecting to finish in 2017 - 2018. Myanmar train station guides. Passengers of a carriage buy bananas during a stop at a railway station in the Shan State. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Prome line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway when Lower Burma was a British colony. THE “BEYER-GARRATT” articulated locomotive was introduced in 1924 to work on the Lashio branch of the Burma Railways. They are made for metre gauge, have three two-axle bogies and Caterpillar CAT3516B engines. More than 12,000 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and tens of thousands of forced labourers perished during its … The new railway line aims to cut the travel time between Mandalay and Muse to just three hours. The train left Mandalay Central 9:00p.m. Wheels are turning again! So far, the opened section is 37.06 miles (59.64 km) while the other 57.81 miles (93.04 km) is still under construction. These two yards also collect from and distribute traffic to the “suburban loop”, which runs the whole length of the wharves and jetties along the Rangoon River frontage of the city. For Seiler, such moments bring back the “good old railway days”. Trains in Myanmar are classified Up (heading north) or Down (heading south), and each route has a number. Passenger trains can reach Dawei however. The local services run out to Insein, or Wanetchaung, on the Prome main line, to Cantonments on a branch line, and to Thingangyun on the Mandalay main line A feature of the Phayre Street Station is its comfortable rest or retiring rooms, situated above the European refreshment room. Kyaukyi–Sinkhan–Bamow with a distance of 94.87 miles (152.68 km) as a part of Katha–Bamow railway project to allow the passengers and cargo to reach Bamow by rails rather by the Irrawaddy flotilla service. Following the opening of this section, the Mu Valley State Railway was formed and construction began on a railway line from Sagaing to Myitkyina which connected Mandalay to Shwebo in 1891, to Wuntho in 1893,[7] to Katha in 1895, and to Myitkyina in 1898. The piers are heavily reinforced to resist earthquake shocks. There are stated to be nearly 400 miles of sidings on the system, a large percentage of them being in and near Rangoon. Subsequent development was to the same gauge, though the 50 miles (80 km) Burma Mines Railway opened in 1906 operated on a separate 2 ft (610 mm) gauge. Small turntables are used to turn the rail-buses at the termini. The maximum speed for freight trains has been quoted as 24 km/h (15 mph), suggesting that commercial speeds on this section could be as low as 12–14 km/h (7.5–8.7 mph). In September 2006, China donated 130 carriages ... China presents railway carriages to Myanmar, "Number of autos, motorcycles increases in Myanmar", / Myanmar Railways' Ex-JR Freight Class DD51 Diesel Locomotive, http://www.2427junction.com/mmrrbetop.html, "India hands over 18 high-end diesel locos to Myanmar", "Thai Developer Touts Burma Port Project - The Irrawaddy | Simon Roughneen", "Railway Gazette: China's horizons extend southwards", "Rail link from Manipur to Vietnam on cards: Tharoor", Myanmar railways, Ministry of Transportation (Burmese version), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rail_transport_in_Myanmar&oldid=989267883, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles containing Burmese-language text, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Length= 620 kilometres (390 mi) Express trains skip Bago, Yangon-Bago-Theinzayat-Kyaikhto-Thaton-Mottama-Mawlamyine, Yangon-Letbadan-Paungde-Aunglan-Kyaukpadaung-Bagan, Length= 339 kilometres (211 mi) under construction to Myeik, Mandalay-Thedaw-Dahuttaw-Hanza-Ywapale-Thazi. Rangoon is thus a busy railway centre for goods traffic, and it is only necessary to quote the following facts to show what a heavy passenger traffic it also commands. The common line of the railway network will link Singapore and Malaysia with Thailand. Myanmar Railways got two batches of them in 2008 and seven of them in 2015. In 2004, Myanma Railway had approximately 40 oil-fired steam locomotives, of which about a dozen were serviceable and saw occasional use on goods, local passenger and tourist trains. A large number of rice mills and timber sidings along the river front, and on the Dawbon branch are also fed by these two concentration yards. Goods traffic is dealt with at a large concentration yard at Malagon - where there is also the main locomotive running depot and engine-shed - and at a smaller one at Kemmedine. With the construction of the 250 m (270 yd) road/rail bridge across the Ye River in 2003 and the 2.4 km (1.5 mi) Thanlwin Bridge in 2008, the Southern peninsula became fully integrated into the Myanmar's railway network. This bridge consists of nine spans, each 350 ft in length, one span of 250 ft, and six spans of 60 ft. Myanmar train timetables. “Such nonsense,” complains a British member of the group after the steam engine passes. [6], In 2014, Myanma Railway acquired a Hokutosei train set from Japan after the withdrawal of the Hokutosei Blue Train Service when the operation of Hokkaido Shinkansen began in 2014. Guides to the most popular train journeys in Myanmar. Apart from the Thailand–Burma Railway the country has never had any international links. The foundations consist of steel caissons 59 ft long and 29 ft wide. In 2016 a tram route opened in Yangon, on a former heavy rail freight route through the city streets. Phayre Street Station is a fine modern structure, having seven platform laces. For the dream of the trans-Asian railway, the 440km standard gauge rail in Laos was begun in late December 2016. The missing links for the network will be developed in Cambodia, Myanmar, Th… Hotels near train stations in Myanmar. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay Railway Project is a major exit of China and it is also the project linking with Myanmar. The Burma Mines Railway, an 80-kilometre (50-mile) 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge line from Namyao (on Myanmar Railways' Mandalay-Lashio branch) via Namtu to Bawdwin, was completed in 1908. Subsequent development was to the same gauge, and by the early 20th century there was a network of almost 2000 miles (3200 km) in Lower and Upper Burma. By 1961 the network extended to 3,020 km (1,877 mi), and then remained constant until the opening of a 36 km (22 mi) line from Kyaukpadaung to Kyini in October 1970. Rolling stock is a three car train purchased second hand from Hiroshima, Japan; it is the first 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge, and a third rail was added to the line to accommodate it. Guide to train travel in Myanmar. Apart from the particularly interesting articulated engines already described in the chapter, “Hill Lines of India”, beginning on page 826, the principal types of locomotives on the Burma railways are the 4-6-2 and 4-6-0 main line passenger engines, the former having a tractive effort of 19,700 lb. On the 1 in 25 section of the Lashio branch beyond Mandalay 75 lb rails are used. No. The guarantor on Loans is Union of Myanmar. The following four lines are currently under construction:[11], In 2005, the Japan Railways Group and other, privately owned, Japanese railway companies donated rolling stock to Myanmar Railways, including former JNR-era DMUs, railcars and passenger coaches. Ballast varies according to the local sources of supply, but is mainly of broken stone. This line is to be further extended east to Togyaung Galay station on the Yangon-Bago intercity rail line. This was the first railway laid in Burma, and it was opened in 1869. [13] China donated 130 units of meter gauge carriages in 2006[14] and another 225 in 2009. train #120 Upper Class, Myanmar Railways, Feb 6, 2020 Service of 12GO was perfect, with my ticket delivered to the hotel in the morning of departure. The permanent way consists of flat-footed rails weighing 60 lb per yard on the more important main lines, 50 lb on the secondary lines, and 41¼ lb on light branches. Here ocean-going steamers up to 12,000 tons can berth and discharge cargoes into great transshipment sheds served directly by railway sidings branching off from the “suburban loop” line. – 28.1.2017. ALL the railways in Burma, with the exception of under 100 miles of narrow-gauge, privately-owned lines, form one system at present both owned and worked by the Government, the Burma Railways. Between 5am and midnight a train arrives or departs on the average every seven or eight minutes, while during the business rush hours the interval is considerably shorter. Up to 1987 the main suppliers were Alstom, Krupp and various Japanese companies, but since then orders have been placed with China because of Myanmar's lack of access to hard currency. The first 350kph high-speed train for Asean countries has already been initiated in Indonesia for the 142km Jakarta-Bandung route. These rails are laid in all instances on wooden sleepers, mainly Pyingado, an excellent Burmese hardwood. No 42 (2-6-2, Bagnall 1928) hauls a FarRail charter train from Namtu to Lopah on the 2 ft narrow gauge Burma Mines Railway. 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