This is a late maturing, hay-type orchardgrass. Growing points stay below ground level after the second cutting. Flowers cluster in dense groups of two to four, mostly on one side of the branch and on lower branches, nearest to the branch tip. Orchardgrass is a restricted noxious weed for lawn/ turf seed in the states of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia (USDA-AMS, 2010). Orchardgrass can be a big problem in tall fescue lawns of residential areas established on existing pasture. Quick Draw HSG orchardgrass was selected for its quick regrowth, superior yields, disease resistance and palatability. It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. Next, check for the awns, which look like hairs coming off each tiny seed on the head. The seed head is dense and spike-like in appearance when it first emerges. Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. It is often used i A medium to late maturity orchardgrass with excellent cold tolerance. Grazing. With maturity, it becomes open and branched. It reproduces from seed and forms tufted shoots held together by short rhizomes. Compatible with both three and four cut alfalfas. Seed: 20 lbs. The foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it isn't timothy. Establishment: Orchardgarss is recommended for the northern part of … Perennial bunch grass. After it starts growing in the spring, orchardgrass tends to head very quickly. Orchardgrass is a very persistent grass and reproduces by seeds and tiller formation with the ability to head out quickly and fill in a field very well over time. A medium/late maturity, it’s the leading choice for intensive grazing pastures. Identifying characteristics. An improved late maturity orchardgrass selected for increased yields and cold tolerance. Long, folded leaves. LiguleA membrane or series of hairs on the inner side of the grass leaf where the blade joins the sheath. Good rust resistance. Rachilla The point of attachment of a seed to the seed head or to another seed. Orchardgrass is a very persistent grass and reproduces by seeds and tiller formation with the ability to head out quickly and fill in a field very well over time. After it starts growing in the spring, orchardgrass tends to head very quickly. Rotational grazing is preferred for best production, persistence and quality. Orchardgrass, which is native to Europe and North Africa, only produces a seedhead during its initial spring growth cycle. per acre in hay mixtures. Oats Seed; Orchardgrass; Organic Seeds; Pasture Seed. The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. It has escaped cultivation and has become a weed in certain settings. However, there are several different varieties of foxtail, and some seed heads remain upright. Panicle seed head. It starts growth early in spring, develops rapidly and flowers during May. The lowermost branch separates like the spur on a cock's foot, hence one of its common names “cock’s foot”. It will not “head-out” before alfalfa is ready to cut because of it’s later maturity date. longevity. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay … Orchardgrass is also a great companion crop with a legume, such as red clover or alfalfa. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality fora… A medium to late maturity orchardgrass with excellent cold tolerance. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a common perennial weed of turf, and can be a contaminant in commercial tall fescue seed.The leaves are a characteristic blue-green color, and the seedhead is easy to distinguish from other grasses. With maturity, it becomes open and branched. Orchardgrass is more tolerant of shade, drought, and heat than timothy, perennial ryegrass or Kentucky bluegrass but also grows well in full sunlight. Sterile seed-heads may be 38 to 50 cm (15 to 20 in) up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting. Prolific, tillering grass. Seed head is an open panicle. per acre alone or 5 lbs. It is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. Orchardgrass, also called cock's foot, is a perennial bunch grass found throughout California to about 8200 feet (2500 m), except for deserts. Bred primarily for rapid regrowth Crown Royale is an ideal choice for rotational grazing or hay production. per acre in pasture mixtures. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, bunch-type grass with a deep taproot. It starts growth early in spring, develops rapidly and flowers during May. Excellent summer regrowth potential. Stems are flattened and are either erect or bend abruptly at the base. Seeds are very small, narrow, pointed about 1/3 inch long with 95,000 to 1,300,000 seeds/kg. Seeds … Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a common perennial weed of turf, and can be a contaminant in commercial tall fescue seed. Pests and Potential Problems Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. Acknowledgements Introduced from Europe, orchardgrass is a cool-season perennial bunchgrass. It has shown higher levels of water soluble carbohydrates than other orchardgrasses. NodeThe place on the stem where a leaf attaches. The short, soft awns along the sides of the seed head give the appearance of a fox's tail. The ligule is membranous and has a rounded tip that is usually toothed or fringed. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. First cutting in Spring should be done before head emergence (Boot Stage). The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. A variety of wildlife consumes orchardgrass leaves and seeds. Orchardgrass is more tolerant of shade, drought, and heat than timothy, perennial ryegrass or Kentucky bluegrass but also grows well in full sunlight. Cut boot to early head for first cut, then every 4-6 weeks thereafter. Orchardgrass is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. New diseases keep appearing in orchard grass stands. Barenbrug breeders are continuously selecting for disease tolerance and HLR Orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseases. per acre in hay or pasture mixtures. Orchardgrass seed viability declines rapidly in storage. per acre alone or 5 lbs. Seedlings are light green with broad leaf blades. It’s used for pasture and hay, and produces high-quality palatable feed for all types of livestock. “The most significant and important attribute of Persist is persistence. Seed heads are up to 20 cm (8 in.) Seed: 20 lbs. Seed: 20 lbs. per acre in hay or pasture mixtures. They have a bluish white tone. Extra leafy genetic trait provides highly palatable forage. Under irrigation and higher rainfall areas, orchardgrass should be cut at boot stage for the first cutting and then at 4-6 week intervals depending on regrowth. Orchardgrass is a cool season grass that is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance and is also well adapted to other soils and environmental conditions. If the grass is to be grazed, grazing can start in early spring until summer but late season grazing should be discouraged. Orchardgrass produces an extensive fibrous root system. Leave some of the plants to form mature seed heads and allow it to reseed for consistent supply of the plants. Orchard Grass A fast-growing light-green bunchgrass. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay production as well as increased forage yield. In addition, there is a prominent midvein on the underside of the leaves, and the ligule is membranous. Pasture, woodland, orchards, crop fields, turf, roadsides and other disturbed locations. In addition, orchard grass seed are grown for commercial forage production and often are found as a contaminate in turf-type tall fescue seed due to similar size and shape. Close grazing and improved digestibility, when combined with red and white clovers. Leaf blades are broadly linear, hairless, roughened, and approximately 1/10 to 1/4 inch of an inch (3–6 mm) wide. SheathThe part of the leaf that wraps around the main stem. Seeds are very small, narrow, pointed about 1/3 inch long with 95,000 to 1,300,000 seeds… Orchardgrass is best established on a prepared seedbed, though no-till establishment into an alfalfa … Leave some of the plants to form mature seed heads and allow it to reseed for consistent supply of the plants. Orchardgrass, also called cock's foot, is a perennial bunch grass found throughout California to about 8200 feet (2500 m), except for deserts. Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. Figure 4: Orchardgrass collar Life cycle and growth habit. Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. With careful management, orchardgrass can perform a host of functions while adding nutrients and tilth to soil. Long, folded leaves. Orchardgrass Seed - Orchardgrass is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. This makes Quick Draw much more palatable and drought tolerant. The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. Contact Webmaster, © 2016 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Orchardgrass is also used to stabilize soils in sites disturbed by logging, burns, and mining. The intermediate to late heading varieties in HLR are ideal for planting with alfalfa. Its broader spreading and more crown growth habit gives Harvestar the ability to handle close grazing. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, bunch-type grass with a deep taproot. It inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. Auricles absent. Orchardgrass is commonly found thriving in shady areas, such as orchards and forest borders, which is where its name likely originated. Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. Other identifying characteristics. Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. The leaves are a characteristic blue-green color, and the seedhead is easy to distinguish from other grasses. Membranous ligule (long and pointed). Environmental Concerns Orchardgrass has been grown in North America since the 1750’s. It blooms and matures seed on average of 10-14 days later than commercial varieties. Auricles absent. The inflorescence is a dense, spike-like panicle and looks like timothy. If the grass is to be grazed, grazing can start in early spring until summer but late season grazing should be discouraged. When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. Maturity range makes it compatible with rapid recovery alfalfa varieties. Flowers bloom from May through August. The foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it isn't timothy. Next, check for the awns, which look like hairs coming off each tiny seed on the head. Seed head: Stiff, mostly compact panicle with lower branches longer than those at top. In addition, there is a prominent midvein on the underside of the leaves, and the ligule is membranous. There are no auricles. Orchardgrass can grow up to five feet tall and prefers well-drained soils and is more tolerant of shade than other pasture grasses. Other identifying characteristics. Superior rust resistance provides high quality hay. Leaves are V-shaped and folded in the bud. It is our best broad-spectrum variety and … However, there are several different varieties of foxtail, and some seed heads remain upright. It inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. Staff-only pages It is extremely heat and drought tolerant, yet withstands cold winters. Seeds are small but light, awned and chaffy. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance. Figure 4: Orchardgrass collar Life cycle and growth habit. The stems are round and 50-100 cm tall. Most varieties have good winter-hardiness, although few varieties have superior winter-hardiness. Pasture Mixes for Horses; Single Species Pasture Seeds; Peas; Pollinator Seeds and Mixes; Rye Grain (Cereal Rye) Ryegrass Seed. Perennial bunch grass. It is cultivated for cover cropping and livestock forage. It is cultivated for cover cropping and livestock forage. Persist is an early maturity, persistent pasture orchardgrass. Later cuttings can be made at 4-6 week intervals depending on conditions. For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. Orchardgrass is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance. Get Flash Player Early Forage Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. With careful management, orchardgrass can perform a host of functions while adding nutrients and tilth to soil. Sparta is a medium tall growing, late maturity (a week later than Pennlate) orchardgrass. In addition to large areas of the U.S., orchardgrass is common throughout Europe, northern Asia, and the higher elevations of Africa. Orchardgrass is best established on a prepared seedbed, though no-till establishment into an alfalfa … It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. It's not a ground cover grass, as it has a shallow root system and only grows to about 6 inches high. Orchardgrass is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance. After four years of the grazing experiment, in which there was additional grazing and drought stress during the last 2 years, there was a 70 to 80% stand of Persist compared to a 0 to 10% stand of (another well-known orchardgrass)” - Dr. Bob Conger & Dr. John Waller, It is often used in pasture production because it is highly palatable to all classes of livestock. Each spikelet produces 3 to 4 small cross-pollinated flowers. Identifying characteristics. It is well-adapted to the Midwest, Northwest and Northeast. Phosphorus and potassium to soil test. A common use of orchardgrass is to seed it into alfalfa stands that have thinned. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Subscribe (RSS) Rotational grazing is best for production, persistence and quality. The blade is 5-12 mm wide and 8-40 cm long. Northern climate winter hardiness and resistance to stem rust. It’s long soft leaves make it highly palatable and digestible with the unmatched orchardgrass feed value. Second and third leaves have fringed or torn ligules at the base of the leaf, but lack auricles. It has no stolons and only rarely has short rhizomes. Glabrous blades. The subsequent growth during the remainder of the summer consists essentially of leaf material that is soft and palatable to livestock. The branched flowering head is 4 to 6 inches (10–15 cm) long with upper branches that are more erect and lower branches that are ascending to spreading. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. Orchardgrass is also a great companion crop with a legume, such as red clover or alfalfa. HLR is … per acre alone or 5 lbs. Flower Seed Head. . Pasture Mixes. long with clustered spikelets. Ryegrass For Lawn & Turf ; Ryegrass For Pasture; Sudan & Sorghum-Sudan Grass; Sunn Hemp; Teff Grass; Timothy; Triticale; Vetch Seed; Wheat Seed Crown Royale Orchardgrass. Orchardgrass is a cool season grass that is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance and is also well adapted to other soils and environmental conditions. Get PDF Reader It is often used i Bred primarily for rapid regrowth Crown Royale is an ideal choice for rotational grazing or hay production. Graze or cut to heights of 10 cm (4 in) or more. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Description. Glabrous blades. It does not spread vegetatively. Reproduces by seed. Profit is a late maturity orchardgrass bred primarily for yield potential and compatibility with alfalfa for hay production. The ligule is a coarse membrane that is slightly hairy and striated. Fertilization: 40-60 lb N/acre after first grazing or harvest in spring; follow with another 40 lb N/acre after second grazing if conditions permit. Extend Orchardgrass exhibits excellent regrowth and is a good choice for spring and summer cutting, then fall grazing. Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Contact UC IPM, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2016 Regents of the University of California Seed: 20 lbs. It is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. Membranous ligule (long and pointed). Also, apply 40 to 60 lb N/acre mid-August for fall pasture. This grass has a panicle-type seed head that is 4-10 inches long and cannot be mistaken for other grasses. Mature plants grow up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall. Description. Nondiscrimination Statement, Accessibility Most seed germinate in the fall after maturation. Tekapo is unique among orchardgrasses, in that it has a low crown and dense, prostrate growth habit adapting it to close grazing. A common use of orchardgrass is to seed it into alfalfa stands that have thinned. per acre alone or 5 lbs. Panicle seed head. Research is being conducted to identify control methods (Oregon State, 2004). Orchardgrass is a long lived, cool-season perennial bunchgrass that grows from 2-4 feet tall. Prolific, tillering grass. It prevents the flower head from emerging and prevents seed production on the infected tiller. Orchardgrass is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. The seed head is dense and spike-like in appearance when it first emerges. It is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. 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