More specific information about emotional development can be found later in this article. The emotional development of a child is just as crucial to her overall outcome as is her physical development. (1972). While Jean Piaget's theory has greatly advanced our knowledge and understanding of cognitive development, some parts of his theory have not withstood the rigors of contemporary research. I am going to explain what cognitive development is and focus on cognitive theory of Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget and acquisition of language and perception. Piaget’s social development theory Jean Piaget (1896-1980) was a biologist who originally studied molluscs (publishing twenty scientific papers on them by the time he was 21) but moved into the study of the development of children’s understanding, through observing them and talking and listening to them while they worked on exercises he set. Through the years, many people have contributed theories as to what is an accurate portrayal of early childhood development in regard to emotional well being. Human behaviour - Human behaviour - Piaget’s theory: Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget took the intellectual functioning of adults as the central phenomenon to be explained and wanted to know how an adult acquired the ability to think logically and to draw valid conclusions about the world from evidence. As the fourth and last stage of Piaget’s cognitive development theory, this stage brings about the ability to engage in abstract thought (Piaget, 1972 Source: Piaget, J. The presentation is based on the Eight Stages of Development developed by the psychiatrist, Erik Erikson in 1956. In this essay you will find the key concepts and theories of cognitive, social and emotional development in infancy. This page presents an overview of the developmental tasks involved in the social and emotional development of children and teenagers which continues into adulthood. The first level is the pre-conventional level. [page needed] Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development; Rudolf Steiner's seven-year phases, similar to Piaget's stage theory but extending into adulthood. Piaget was the first to include the idea of a schema into a theory of cognitive development. Piaget's theories are widely studied today by students of both psychology and education. His work also generated interest in cognitive and developmental psychology. Just as Piaget believed that children’s cognitive development follows specific patterns, Kohlberg (1984) argued that we learn our moral values through active thinking and reasoning, and that moral development follows a series of stages. Kohlberg proposed six stages of development that can be grouped into three levels. The Jean Piaget theory of cognitive development has been the subject of some criticism over the years, particularly from cross-cultural psychologists who question whether the Piaget stages are unique to Western children. Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development described how children represent and reason about the world. Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development-Preconventional Level. Piaget provided support for the idea that children think differently than adults, and his research identified several important milestones in the mental development of children. Lawrence Kohlberg espoused a constructivist theory of emotional and moral development based on the work of Jean Piaget 1. This newer research has resulted in some modifications to his theory. The first two years are very important in a child development. 'S theories are widely studied today by students of both psychology and education widely studied today by students of psychology! 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